Field Planning Aid
Equipment Weight and Cube Tents WT/LBS CU Polar tent: 2-3 person with liner and poles 78 15 Bag of 18 stakes 20 2 Mountaineering tents: NF VE-25, and Sierra Designs-Stretch Dome 3-person with poles and fly 10 2 Mountaineering tent: NF Westwind 2-person with poles and fly 6.1 5 Tarp for mountaineering tent 2 0.5 Stakes for mountaineering tent 4 10 Two Person Kitchen Box 52 LBS 2 CU Quantity of included item Distribution Included Item 1 Each Basin, Plastic 1 Each Bottle/Can Opener 4 Each Bowls, Soup (Hard Plastic) 1 Each Bread Pan 1 Each Can Opener, Hand 2 Each Can Opener, P-38 20 Each Clothes Pins 1 Each Coffee Pot, Stainless 1 Each Cookset With 2 Pots 1 Each Cutting Board 1 Each Detergent 4 Each Dish Drying Cloths 4 Each Dish Washing Cloths 1 Roll Foil 4 Each Forks 1 Each Frying Pan, Teflon 2 Each Hand Soap 1 Packet Handi Wipes 2 Each Knives, Large 2 Each Knives, Paring 2 Each Knives, Steak 1 Each Ladle 1 Each Mirror 2 Each Mixing Bowls 4 Each Mugs, Plastic 2 Each Mugs, Thermo-Insulated 1 Each Pie Pan 4 Each Plates 2 Each Pot Holders 2 Each Pot Scrubbers 1 Each Pressure Cooker, 4-quart 1 Each Rubber Scraper 1 Each Sewing Kit 1 Each Snow Melting Pot, 10-quart 1 Each Spatula, Nylon 1 Each Sponge 1 Each Serving Spoon, Large 1 Each Serving Spoon, Perforated 1 Each Serving Spoon, Small 1 Each Strainer 4 Each Tablespoons 4 Each Teaspoons 1 Each Thermarest® Repair Kit 1 Each Toaster, Stove Top 2 Each Tupperware Containers 1 Each Wire Whisk Four Person Kitchen Box 65 LBS 2 CU 1 Each Basin, Plastic 1 Each Bottle/Can Opener 8 Each Bowls, Soup (Hard Plastic) 1 Each Bread Pan 1 Each Can Opener, Hand 4 Each Can Opener, P-38 20 Each Clothes Pins 1 Each Coffee Pot, Stainless 1 Each Cookset With 3 Pots 1 Each Cutting Board 1 Each Detergent 6 Each Dish Drying Cloths 6 Each Dish Washing Cloths 1 Roll Foil 8 Each Forks 2 Each Frying Pans, Teflon 2 Each Hand Soap 2 Packet Handi Wipes 4 Each Knives, Dinner 1 Each Knives, Large 2 Each Knives, Paring 4 Each Knives, Steak 1 Each Ladle 1 Each Mirror 2 Each Mixing Bowls 8 Each Mugs, Plastic 4 Each Mugs, Thermo-Insulated 1 Each Pie Pan 8 Each Plates 2 Each Pot Holder 4 Each Pot Scrubber 1 Each Pressure Cooker, 4-quart 1 Each Rubber Scraper 1 Each Sewing Kit 1 Each Snow Melting Pot, 10-quart 2 Each Spatulas, Nylon 1 Each Sponge 1 Each Serving Spoon, Large 1 Each Serving Spoon, Perforated 1 Each Serving Spoon, Small 1 Each Strainer 8 Each Tablespoons 8 Each Teaspoons 1 Each Thermarest® Repair Kit 1 Each Toaster, Stove Top 2 Each Tupperware Containers 1 Each Wire Whisk Basic Tool Kit 18 LBS 1 CU 1 Set Allen Key, Standard 1 Each Channel Lock 1 Each Crescent Wrench: 4", 8", 12" 4 Each Emery Paper: 2 Coarse, & 2 Fine 1 Each File: Flat & Round 1 Each Hacksaw with 3 Replacement Blades 1 Each Hammer, Claw 1 Set Jeweler's Screw Driver Set 4 Each Pliers: 1 Diagonal Cutter, 1 Needle Nose, 1 Slip Joint and Vice Grips 1 Each Razor Knife 1 Each Scissors 5 Each Screw Driver Sets: 2 Phillips Head, & 3 Slot Heads 1 Each Tape Measure 1 Roll Wire: 16 Gauge 1 Each Wonder Bars Snowmobile Tool Kit 6 LBS 1 CU 1 Set Allen Key, Metric 1 Each Carburetor Repair Kit, Mikuni 1 Each Electrical Contact File 1 Each Feeler Gauge 1 Each Extension Bar For Socket Set: 10.5" 1 Bottle Locktite 1 Each Magnetic Screwdriver Set 1 Each Reversible Rachet 4 Each Sockets, Metric: 10mm, 12mm, 13mm, 14mm 3 Each Sockets, Standard: 1/2", 7/16", 9/16", 3/8" 1 Each Spark Plug Wrench 1 Each Universal Joint for Socket Set 4 Each Wrenches, Metric: 10mm, 12mm, 13mm, 14mm 3 Each Wrenches, Standard: 1/2", 7/16", 9/16" Stoves WT/LBS CU Coleman: White Gas, 2-Burner 7 2 Coleman: Propane, 2-Burner 7 Optimus 111 2 0.25 MSR WhisperLte 1 0.25 MSR XGK 1.5 0.25 Petroleum Naptha (White Gas) 7 1 (1 gallon can) Propane: Disposable Cartridge 2 1 (4.24 lb./gallon) 25 LB Cylinder 41 4 100 LB Cylinder 196 5 200 LB Cylinder 367 13 Fire Extinguishers, Ansul 2.5 LBS 5 1 Communications WT/LBS CU Transworld PRC 1099 25 2 SCOM 130 HF, Complete Kit 25 2 MX300 Motorola, Handheld 3 0.25 Ice Drilling Tools WT/LBS CU Kovacs Auger, Bit & 1 Extension 3 1 Each Additional Extension 2 1 Jiffy Powerhead 5 2 Sipre Ice Auger Kit: 4-1/2" OD 90 4 for 3' Core, 5 Ext. for 6-m Drilling Depth Sipre Ice Auger Extension Set 80 5 (21 each -- 1-m Ext.) Motor for Auger, 3/4" Drill for Sipre Auger (8.5A - 110V) 21 2 Cobra Drill 63 10 PICO Ice Core Kits, 20m 90 5 PICO Ice Core Kits, 50m 208 15 Chisel Bar, 48" Long 7 1 Hole Melter, Glycol Loop 450 Power Equipment WT/LBS CU Generators, Mogas .65 kW 55 1.5 1.4 kW 85 3 2.2 kW 130 4 3.5 kW 180 6 4.0 kW 200 8 5.0 kW 225 8 Generators, JP8 6.0 kW 510 12.0 kW 750 17.5 kW 1200 Herman Nelson Heater 272 16 Battery, 12-Volt 50 1 Chain Saw 50 4 Dive Compressor 250 2 Transportation WT/LBS CU Snowmobiles: Alpine II 765 175 Alpine I 642 115 Elan 250 285 78 Cheyenne 503 350 100 Polaris ATV 450 120 Nansen Sled (with Cargo Tank) 75 40 Maudheim Sled 650 100 Jerry Can (metal), 5 Gal w/Mogas 50 3 Jerry Can (metal), 5 Gal w/DFA 53 3 Skidoo Oil, Case Lot (12 Qts/Case) 25 1 55-gallon drum (empty) 70 12 55-gallon drum (DFA/JP8) 450 2 55-gallon drum (Mogas) 400 12 55-gallon drum (antifreeze) 500 12 Flomax pump 45 4 Hazardous Cargo Examples of Examples of Hazardous Goods Hazardous Chemicals Automotive (Lead/Acid) Batteries Catalytic Heaters Acetone Compressed Gases Benzene Explosives Carbonice (Dry Ice) Fire Extinguishers Chloroform Flare Pistol Ammunition Ethanol Flares, Roadside Ether Generators Formaldehyde, 37% Herman Nelson Heaters Formalin, 10% Jiffy Powerhead Glutaraldehyde J-8 Fuel Hydrochloric Acid Kerosene Isopropyl Alcohol Lithium Batteries Methyl Alcohol Matches Methyl Ethyl Ketone Meta-paste Nitric Acie Mogas (Gasoline) Perchloric Acie, 60-62% Propane Radioactives Propane Torch Kit Sulfuric Acie Scuba Tanks WD-40 Snowmobiles White Gas Stoves: Coleman 2-Burner - Coleman Propane - MSR WhisperLite & XKG - Optimus 111 Appendix B Emergency Cache and Hut Locations Asgard Hut 77. 35'S 161. 36'E GRID 2C12 3-Person hut. Bratina Island Hut 78. 01'S 165. 32'E GRID 5J21 3 Huts. Limited food. Butter Point Camp 77. 39'S 164. 12'E 4-Person hut with emergency cache. Cape Adare 71. 17'S 170. 14'E Survival box in hut store. Limited food, stove, & fuel. Cape Bird 77. 14'S 166. 28'E GRID 1E5 6-Person hut. Cape Crozier Hut and Cache 77. 30'S 169. 40'E Partial provisions for 4. No radio. Hut located approximately 1,000' elevation, south of "The Knob" and south of the ice edge. Cache: Full provision for 6. Located 100' uphill from hut. Cape Evans Hut 77. 38'S 166. 25'E GRID 1E13 4-Person hut. Additional room for 10 people at nearby Historic Hut. Cape Roberts Hut 77. 02'S 163. 12'E GRID 6U1 2 -Person hut plus mess hut. Cape Royds Hut 77. 33'S 166. 10'E GRID 1C11 4-Person hut. Additional room for 10 people at nearby Historic Hut. Lake Bonney Cache 77. 43'S 152. 25'E Full provisions for 6, 30 person/days food. No radio. Cache located on southeastern shore of Lake Bonney, approximately 100' from lake. Lake Fryxell Hut and Jamesway 77. 37'S 163. 03'E GRID 2K13 Jamesway at S-008 camp and 4 - person hut on east end of the lake next to Canada Glacier. Lake Hoare Jamesway 77. 38'S 162. 57'E GRID 2J13 Partial provisions for 4 (no sleeping bags). Full food provisions in Jamesway. No radio. Jamesway located approximately 100' from Lake Hoare, near base of the Asgaard Mount Range. No survival cache box is established. Lake Miers Hut 78. 06'S 163. 50'E GRID 8E3 2-Person hut. Lake Vida Cache 77. 20'S 162. 00'E GRID 2E8 Full provisions for 6, 30 person/days food. No radio. Cache is located approximately 600' from lake on southwestern shore. Lower Wright Hut 77. 26'S 162. 37'E GRID 2I9 2-Person hut at west end of Lake Brownsworth. Mt. Erebus Hut 77. 30'S 167. 10'E GRID 1H11 Hut: Partial provisions for 3 (no sleeping bags), oxygen, radio during the summer. Located 1.5k north of the summit crater, 300m from the caldera rim. Cache: Full provisions for 6. Located 50 m from hut. Vanda Station 77. 31'S 161. 40'E GRID 2D11 10-Person station. Appendix C Time Line Chart (Example) This is a typical time schedule. Your actual schedule will vary depending on the experience and number of people in your group. Day 1 Arrive in McMurdo Station Orientation at Chalet Housing Assignment Days 2, 3, and 4 Science Meeting Pre-field Logistics: Fixed-Wing Operations Coordinator, Helicopter Coordinator, CSEC , MEC, BFC, Science Construction Radios Antarctic Driver's License Field Maintenance Training (MEC) BFC Gear Check and Sort Liquor Rations Food Planning and Packaging Day 5 Put-in Load Planning and Packaging Resupply Planning and Packaging Turn in cargo to Science Cargo (LC-130) Days 6,7, and 8 Survival Training and/or Shakedown Day 9 Put-in Load Planning and Packaging (continued) Turn in Hazardous Cargo to appropriate department Day 10 Package and Turn in Remaining Gear from Shakedown to Science Cargo (if LC-130 supported) Re-adjust, Add, Subtract, etc., Any Gear and/or Equipment from Shakedown Miscellaneous Last Minute Tasks Day 11 Put-In (Can take 1 or more days depending upon weather, aircraft, etc.) Day 12 In The Field until Pull-Out Pull-Out -- Back in McMurdo Day 1 Return Gear with you to your cage/BFC Housing Assignments Shower, Laundry, Buy NSF Rep a drink Day 2 BFC: End of Season Tasks* Day 3 Crary Lab: End of Season Tasks* Return Radios Return Weather Kits Return Equipment to MEC and Science Construction Support Day 4 Crary Lab: End of Season Task* (Continued) Day 5 Finish Crary Lab Tasks Debrief with ASA Staff Day 6 Support Evaluations Turn In Your Room Key Before Leaving! *Refer to Chapter 22: Basic Guidelines for All Groups Returning from the Field for details. Appendix D Conversion Tables Temperature Conversions A Fahrenheit degree is smaller than a Celsius (centigrade) degree. One Fahrenheit degree is 5/9ths of a Celsius degree. To convert Fahrenheit degrees into Celsius: F. - 32 x 5 / 9 To convert Celsius into Fahrenheit degrees: C. x 9 / 5 + 32 The freezing point of water is 32.F or 0.C The boiling point of water is 212.F or 100.C Metric Equivalents Linear Measurements -- To Convert, Multiply By: Centimeters to Inches 0.3937 Inches to Centimeters 2.540 Meters to Feet 3.281 Feet to Meters 0.3048 Meters to Yards 1.094 Yards to Meters 0.9144 Kilometers to Miles 0.6214 Miles to Kilometers 1.609 Meters to Fathoms 3.2808 Fathoms to Meters 1.8288 Square Measurements -- To Convert, Multiply By: 1 square centimeter to 1 square inch 0.1550 1 square inch to 1 square centimeter 6.452 1 square meter to 1 square foot 10.76 1 square foot to 1 square meter 0.0929 1 square meter to 1 square yard 1.196 1 square yard to 1 square meter . 0.835 1 square kilometer to 1 square mile 0.3861 1 square mile to 1 square kilometer 2.590 Measures of Volume -- To Convert, Multiply By: Grams to Ounces 0.03527 Ounce to Grams 28.35 Grams to Pounds 0.002205 Pounds to Grams 453.6 Kilograms to Pounds 2.205 Pounds to Kilograms 0.4536 Kilograms to Tons 0.0009852 Tons to Kilograms 1016.0 Pints to Liters 0.5682 Liters to Gallons 0.22 Gallons to Liters 4.546 Distances 1 Knot = 1 Nautical Mile per hour 1 Nautical Mile = 1853.2 Meters = 1.15 Statute Miles 1 Statute Mile = 1609.3 Meters = 0.868 Nautical Miles 1 Kilometer = 0.621 Statute mile = 0.54 Nautical Mile (1,000 meters) Liquid Volumes 1 U.S. Gallon = 0.83 Imperial Gallon = 3.785 Liters 1 Imperial Gallon = 1.2 U.S. Gallon = 4.545 Liters 1 Liter = 0.246 U.S. Gallon = 0.219 Imperial Gallon Appendix E First Aid and Survival Kits First Aid Kit -- Group 1 Each Book: "Medicine For Mountaineering" 1 Each Airway Tube 1 Each Ace Bandage 1 Bottle Aspirin 1 Each Bactricin Ointment 30 Each Band-Aids 1 Each Blistex Salve 8 Each Butterfly Bandages 1 Packet Cotton 1 Each Decongestant 4 Each Dressings, 4 x 7 1 Each Eye Dressing Kit 1 Bottle Foot Powder 2 Each Gauze Bandages 1 Packet Moleskin 1 Bottle Non-Aspirin 6 Each Petroleum Gauze 30 Each Providone Prep Pads 1 Packet Razor Blades Quantity Safety Pins 1 Pair Scissors 1 Each Skullcap 1 Each Sunscreen 4 Packets Surgical Sponges, 2 x 2 2 Rolls Surgical Tape 1 Each Thermometer 1 Box Throat Lozenges 4 Each Triangular Bandages 1 Each Tweezers 1 Each Wire Splint First Aid Kit -- Individual 1 Each Booklet: "First Aid Quick Information" 1 Each Ace Bandage 10 Packets Aspirin 1 Each Bactricin Ointment 15 Each Band-Aids 1 Each Blistex Salve 4 Each Butterfly Bandages 10 Packets Decongestant 2 Each Dressings, 4 x 7 1 Each Eye Dressing Kit 1 Each Gauze Bandages 1 Packet Moleskin 10 Packets Non-Aspirin 3 Each Petroleum Gauze 6 Each Providone Prep Pads 1 Packet Razor Blades Quantity Safety Pins 1 Pair Scissors 1 Each Sunscreen 2 Packet Surgical Sponges, 2 x 2 1 Roll Surgical Tape 1 Each Thermometer 1 Box Throat Lozenges 1 Each Triangular Bandage 1 Each Tweezers 1 Each Wire Splint Survival Bag -- Helicopter and Sea Ice Groups 2 Each Sleeping Bags 2 Each Short Ensolite® Pads 1 Each Westwind Tent 10 Each Tent Stakes 6 Each Ice Screws 2 Each Snow Flukes 1 Each Collapsible Snow Shovel 1 Each Snowsaw 1 Each 4-lb Sledge hammer 1 Each Balaclava 1 Pair Socks 1 Pair Bearpaws 1 Pair Mittens, Wool Stove Box Containing the Following Items: 1 Each MSR WhisperLite Stove 2 Quarts White Gas 1 Box Matches 1 Each Cookset 2 Each Cup 2 Each Spoon 1 Each Pocket Knife 2 Each Candles 1 Each First Aid Kit, Commercial 1 Each Signal Kit 1 Each Survival Manual 1 Each Game, Book or Novelty Item Quantity Parachute Cord Quantity Toilet Paper 6-Person -- Days of Food 6 Each Mountain House Dehydrated Meals 3 Bags Trail Mix 6 Each Chocolate Bars 6 Each Cup of Soup 12 Each Tea Bags 12 Each Granola Bars 12 Each Cocoa Mix Survival Bags -- Deep Field Groups* 2 Each Sleeping Bags 1 Each Westwind Tent 1 Each MSR WhisperLite Stove 1 Quart White Gas 1 Box Matches 1 Each Snow Fluke * Deep Field Groups must supplement this issue with food and cooking items from their issued equipment. Crevasse Rescue Bag 4 Pickets: 2 Long and 2 Short 1 Pair Ascenders 4 8mm Prussiks 1 Belay Plate 4 Carabiners 4 Locking Carabiners 4 Slings: 2 Medium and 2 Long 1 Ice Axe Spare 1 Hammer 6 Ice Screws 1 Come-a-long 1 Shovel 1 Snowsaw 1 11 mm (or larger) 50 meter Static Rope 1 11 mm x 50 meter Climbing Rope 1 Crevasse Ladder (Optional) Appendix F National Science Foundation Policy on Field Safety in Antarctica United States Antarctic Program (USAP) scientific and operational teams which are deployed to sites remote from USAP main stations shall conduct their activities in a safe manner. The field party leader shall be responsible for the conduct of all team members in the field, and shall ensure that each member of the team is familiar with the risks involved and proficient in dealing with them. Background The USAP has long recognized that operating a scientific research enterprise in Antarctica cannot be risk-free, but rather the activities must be conducted within an acceptable level of risk. Historically, the Office of Polar Programs/National Science Foundation (OPP/NSF) has focussed on providing sufficient equipment and logistical support to field parties in remote areas, and has relied on the Principal Investigator (PI) in science field parties and the team supervisor/officer in operations/support field parties to define the levels of acceptable risks for remote field party operations. OPP will continue to improve field party support logistics and will review operational plans of field party leaders so that both the team leader and OPP are satisfied that significant field safety concerns are appropriately addressed. Currently, the USAP civilian support contractor provides one-to-three day field safety training and has developed and maintains a field manual for guiding field party operations in Antarctica. These training courses are "shakedown" excursions to familiarize participants with the issued equipment and typical procedures used in the field, and are not intended to develop expert skills in inexperienced field team members. For science field parties, the USAP recommends that PIs select suitable field safety experts for their specific teams when the potential risks to those teams is significant (e.g, deep field deployments, traversing crevasses areas or mountainous terrain). The support contractor also can provide field safety experts to scientific field parties for short periods, when requested, and maintains a list of field safety experts experienced in antarctic field deployments. In many cases, deployments to field sites remote from permanent stations do not entail significant risk (e.g., "established" seasonal camps in the Dry Valleys) or the risks are not associated with actual field deployment (e.g., sea ice diving camps), and specific field safety experts would not be necessary. It is strongly recommended that field party members have basic first-aid training, and at least one member have more advanced life support skills (e.g., paramedic, emergency medical technician) if the remote field deployment warrants. Policy Implementation In the initial proposal, the PI should determine the safety requirements associated with remote field deployment and include those needs in the proposal's supporting information and budget submission. If the PI chooses to include a field safety expert with experience in polar or remote mountainous regions on the field team, that individual should be included in the staffing submission. The PI can obtain names of candidates with appropriate field safety experience from other investigators or from the USAP support contractor. If a field safety expert is requested from the civilian contractor within the proposal/grant operational support request, it will be evaluated along with other logistics support and will be provided, resources permitting. If warranted, the USAP may assign an independent field safety expert to teams that are unprepared to address field related safety concerns, or delay deployment until such support staff is available. For construction field parties, the Field Safety and Training Program (FSTP) staff will review field deployment plans and establish field safety requirements for the field party. NSF/OPP recognizes that the field safety program should continue to be flexible. The hiring of a field safety expert may make little sense for some science groups. Other field parties may require specific skills for only a short time, and will be able to call upon the FSTP for that assistance. Nevertheless, OPP recommends that the PI designate a specific experienced person responsible for the safety of the field team other than him/herself, so that both the scientific goals and the safety of the field party are addressed throughout field deployment. During the merit review process, NSF/OPP will review the work plan to ensure that field safety concerns are addressed and adequate resources are included in the budget submission. If the proposal is funded, the PI or designated field safety leader may be asked to prepare documentation outlining how the field work will be carried out. That person may be expected to deploy to McMurdo Station in advance of the rest of the field party, in order to check-out field equipment, to review field safety plans in detail with the support contractor's FSTP staff, and to assist FSTP staff in tailoring the practical field training/ shakedown program to the specific needs of the field party team. The balance of the field party still will be required to successfully complete the FSTP's one-to-three day shakedown course prior to field deployment. USAP field safety experts will also advise NSF on the preparedness of field parties prior to field deployment, and may be asked to advise NSF on specific situations that arise in the field. Each field party's designated field safety leader shall submit an "end-of-season" report, which includes such things as execution of original field plan, technical problems that were encountered and their solutions, performance of issued equipment, and recommendations for improvement of the field safety program. The support contractor's FSTP staff will assimilate this information into their field safety program and into the subsequent revisions of the USAP Field Manual so that field safety and survival skills that are developed and refined throughout the program can be retained and be of use to future field activities. The USAP's support contractor plays a pivotal role in capturing and disseminating practical safety and survival information for field party use. This can best be done through the development of a close, cooperative relationship with field teams and occasional direct involvement with field activities. Appendix G Glossary Terms and Acronyms ACL (Allowable Cabin Load) Payload of aircraft. Calculations based upon take-off (wheels/skis), landing restrictions, range, weather, fuel requirements, etc. Airdrop Method of delivering supplies by parachute from an aircraft in flight. Apple (a.k.a. Tomato or Melon) Structure or shelter made of red colored fiberglass, helicopter-transportable, segmented, and expandable (longer in length). Manufactured by Igloo Satellite Cabin in Australia. Bag Drag In preparation for field deployment, all passengers must weigh in with their baggage to accurately determine aircraft load. Usually held a few hours before the scheduled departure. Beaker Vernacular for Scientist. Berg Field Center (BFC) Building 160 (also known as the Field Party Processing Center). The central location for issues of field equipment such as tents, sleds, sleeping bags, etc. Also the base of operations for the Field Safety Training Program (FSTP). Bumped Referring to cargo or passengers that is/are removed from a flight due to weight restrictions or other considerations. CDC Acronym for the "Clothing Distribution Center" in Christchurch, New Zealand. Chalet Building 167- the USAP administration and operations center housing the offices of the NSF Representative(s) and ASA Resident Manager, as well as the administrative staff. The central location for referral, information, and assistance to Grantees. CHC Acronym for "Christchurch," New Zealand (a.k.a. "Cheech" or "Chi- Chi"). CONUS Acronym for the Continental United States. Crack A fissure or fracture in the sea ice produced by the stresses of wind, wave, tidal, mechanical, or thermal forces. Crary Lab Housed in Building 001, this is the scientific facility operated by ASA (currently under final construction). Also known as CSEC (Crary Science and Engineering Center) Dash Two Military hazardous cargo certification form, DD 1387-2. Dive Locker Located in Building 144. It houses research diving equipment for issue, including an air compressor for filling scuba tanks. DMX Acronym for the "Data and Message Exchange." A store-and-forward electronic-mail handling system located in Building 165. DNF Acronym for "Do Not Freeze." ECW Clothing Acronym for "Extreme Cold Weather" Clothing. FAA Acronym for "First Available Aircraft." Field Camps A fixed location used as a base camp for the pursuit of various scientific endeavors. It often includes such amenities as a toilet, heated shelter, etc. Field Party A group of Grantees pursuing their scientific interests in the field. Fish Hut A temporary movable shelter used on the sea ice. Fixed-Wing Describes aircraft such as the LC-130 Hercules or DHC-6/300 Twin-Otter, as opposed to rotary-wing aircraft, which are helicopters. Flagged Route A marked route that has been determined safe for vehicle travel by qualified personnel. FMO Acronym for the "Force Medical Officer" (NSFA). He/she is responsible for administering medical and health care in Antarctica, including medical screening for travel to Antarctica. FOCC Acronym for "Field Operations Communications Center." Freshies Vernacular for fresh fruit or vegetables. FST (F-Stop) Acronym for the "Field Safety Training Program;" a series of training courses emphasizing survival in the field. HazMats (Hazardous Materials) Any and all explosives, flammable liquids and solids, oxidizers, organic peroxides, corrosive materials, compressed gases, poisons, irritating materials, etiologic agents, radioactive materials, and other regulated materials. These items require proper packaging and certification prior to air transport, and may have passenger or other cargo compatibility limitations. Herbie Term used to describe a storm with fierce, blowing wind and/or snow, causing outdoor activities to be unpleasant. Herc or Hercules Turbo-prop, wheeled cargo aircraft C-130), or ski-equipped (LC-130) cargo aircraft. Hourlies Pertains to communicating local weather observations every 60 minutes, beginning 6 hours prior to scheduled aircraft departure and recurring "hourly" until after the aircraft lands. Huey A twin-engine helicopter, UH-1N, operated by the Antarctic Development Squadron Six (VXE-6). They are used to support grantees in the McMurdo region, and occasionally at remote locations. Ice Edge The boundary between sea ice and open sea at any given time and place. Jamesway A portable, rigid-frame, insulated tent similar to a small quonset hut. Can be built to any length, though height and width are fixed. Jerry Cans Military 5-gallon containers used to transport liquids such as fuel, oil, or glycol. Jerry cans are not suitable for air transport of flammable liquids. JP-8 Type of fuel used for aircraft and in diesel applications such as generators, Caterpillar equipment, and Preways. This "single-fuel" replaces JP-4 (for aircraft use only) and DFA (Diesel Fuel, Arctic). Kilo Air A method of cargo shipment utilizing surface vessels from Port Hueneme, CA, to New Zealand, then delivered to McMurdo Station by air. Kovacs Auger An ice auger used to drill small-diameter holes in the sea ice to determine ice thickness. Mac Center Located in Building 165, the NSFA's air traffic control, flight following, and weather information facility. Mac Channel Regularly scheduled trans-Pacific military cargo flights. Mac Ops Call sign for the Field Operations Communications Center. Mac Relay Located in Building 165, the NSFA's radio and teletype room that coordinates field party check-ins, message traffic, and other data and message information. Mac Sideband See MAC Relay, above. MCC or MCC Central Acronym for the "Movement Control Center" Terminal Operations cargo facility in McMurdo staffed by ASA and New Zealand Army personnel. MEC Acronym for the "Mechanical Equipment Center" in Building 58. The MEC is the issue point for small generators, snowmobiles, batteries, light vehicles, etc. Melt Pool An area on the ice sheet that has sub-surface melting. An ice lens is usually present over the meltwater, giving the impression that it is solid. Many factors, including the amount of wind-borne dust from around McMurdo and ablation of snow cover caused by vehicle traffic, increases the solar absorption on the sea ice in front of McMurdo and immediately north of Hut Point. T his area has historically deteriorated first and rapidly. Ice at outlying locations may be substantially better. Mogas Acronym for "Motor Automotive Gasoline." NSFA Acronym for "Naval Support Force, Antarctica." OAE Acronym for "Old Antarctic Explorer;" title given to program veterans. OEA Acronym for "Oil, Engine, Arctic." A type of extreme cold weather engine lubricating oil. Pallet A portable platform used for handling/moving materials and packages. The pallets used for C-130's are made of aluminum and balsa wood, designated by the military as 463L pallets, and lock into place on the cargo deck. Palletize To place onto a pallet. Typically, for an LC-130 field operation, all outgoing cargo is palletized. For larger field camps, all camp materials are gathered and staged at a central location, then palletized all at once in a cooperative "palletization party." Pax Vernacular for passengers. PI Acronym for the "Principle Investigator." The senior representative of a science group. Polarhaven Tent-type shelter with a framework of aluminum tubing and insulated fabric cover, with either an insulated fabric or wood floor. Pressure Ridge Ice broken by pressure and thrust up into a chaotic pattern of elevations and depressions. Preway Non-portable type of space heater that uses JP-8 for fuel. T ypically used to heat Jamesways and fish huts. Purging Fuel Either a diesel or kerosene with a flashpoint above 141o that is used to rinse out more flammable fuels out of containers and power equipment Recce Aerial reconnaissance. Performed by LC-130 aircraft when a potential landing site for put-in may be questionable. Some researchers take advantage of the recce flight to view areas of investigation to determine safe traverse routes, and/or to airdrop materials and supplies to reduce the put-in flight's cargo weight. Recompression Chamber Housed in Building 85 (until Phase III of the Crary Lab is completed), this facility adjoins NSFA Medical (Building 142). It houses a chamber for treatment of pressure-related diving accidents and other conditions where hyperbaric oxygen therapy is indicated, such as carbon monoxide poisoning, gas gangrene, etc. The Chamber is operated by ASA personnel under NSFA Medical supervision. Retrograde To return cargo from the field to McMurdo Station, or from McMurdo to destinations North. Usually in the reverse order of its initial deployment. Sastrugi Hard drifts of wind-carved snow. These drifts can reach 6 feet tall, and accordingly can affect overland travel. Sea Ice Ice which forms on the surface of the sea in polar ocean areas. Science Cargo Formerly known as USAP Cargo, this ASA work center requests processes all Grantee cargo. Science Cargo is located in Buildings 73 and 193. Shakedown An overnight trip to test equipment, radios, sleds, snowmobiles, tents, etc. prior to deep-field deployment. Sipre Auger An ice-coring auger used to sample sea ice to determine it's composition. Space A Acronym for "Space Available." Refers to the program of allowing personnel (equitable between military and civilian) to utilize available aircraft space for a turn-around flight to South Pole or for a helicopter excursion. Squirrel Aerospatiale AS-350B helicopter, this is a sub-contracted helicopter that provides occasional support to the USAP. Starlifter Wheeled jet aircraft operated by the U.S. Air Force used for cargo deliveries from Christchurch, N.Z., to McMurdo during early summer operations; usually early October to mid-November, as well as Mac Channel missions. lso known as a C-141. Terminal Operations Also known as Term Ops or TMO, the central cargo facility in McMurdo. See also MCC Cargo. Tide Crack Tide cracks occur in fast ice when the tidal action lifts the sea ice above or below the level at which it is shorebound. T-Site A transmitter facility in Building 184, operated by the NSFA Electronics Division. I t's located on a hill between McMurdo and Scott Base. USAP Cargo The former name (used in past seasons) of Science Cargo. VFR Acronym for "Visual Flight Rules" . Required for helicopter operations. Winfly Vernacular for the winter fly-in. Early season operations commence in mid-August, primarily to bring in support personnel to the Antarctic in preparation of the coming season. Winter-Over Vernacular for the period from late February to early August. It's characterized by darkness and an absence of flight operations.