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Antarctica Geolife Map Activity
History/Government Activity
A Job for Everyone
Getting There: Half the Battle!
The Ice Ecosystem
Ship Mechanics
Oil & Water Don't Mix... or Do They?
Water Forms Layers
Effects of Light/Dark on Phytoplankton Populations
Tracking Activity
Heat Exchange
Penquin Adaptation
Comparative Marine Biology
An Ozone Primer
UV/Plant Activity
Data to Death (Krill)
Design a Project Palmer Research Station
Antarctica: Who needs it?
Antarctica: General Information


Antarctica Geolife Map Activity

Antarctic key facts: World Factbook 1995.
http://cliffie.nosc.mil/~NATLAS/wfb/

Virtual Antarctica:
http://www.terraquest.com/va/science/geography/geography.html

Antarctic ecosystem at ICAIR (International Center for Antarctic Information and Research).
http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/tourism/visitor.html

Antarctic maps: Australian Antarctic Division's Map Collection.
http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/sci/human/dm/maps/maps.html

David Hess, who works for Allied Signal Technical Service Corp at Wallops, Virginia, wrote to Patti Weeg's (Delmar Elementary School Wicomico County, Maryland) class from Antarctica. This site chronicles their interactions and links to a wealth of info about Antarctica.
http://www.intercom.net/local/weeg/hess.html

Website for the National Council for Geographic Education:
http://multimedia2.freac.fsu.edu/ncge/

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History/Government Activity

Virtual Antarctica documents the essential historical overview of exploration of Antarctica, including the Heroic Era when the great explorers including Robert Scott, Ernest Shackleton, Douglas, Mawson and Roald Amundsen ventured to uncover the mysteries of Antarctica.
http://www.terraquest.com/va/history/history.html

ICAIR provides images of Shackleton and Scott's ships, links to history of Ross Island, the Southern Cross Expedition and more historical data.
http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/history/

Visit Shackleton's hut and learn about his British Antarctic expedition of 1907-1909 at Doug Quin's site.
http://www.webdirectory.com/antarctica/journal6/dec3.html

Katie Wallett's New South Polar Times documents a history of the South Pole and links to information about Polar explorers.
http://www.deakin.edu.au/edu/MSEE/GENII/NSPT/HistSPExpl.html

Excellent collection of images and background information on several Antarctic expeditions prepared by Donal Manahan, professor at the University of Southern California.
http://arts.usf.edu/~marsh/history.html

Everything you need to know about the Antarctic Treaty is found at this ICAIR site including a copy of the Treaty itself.
http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/treaty/

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A Job for Everyone

Learn about the careers and lives of The Antarctic Team via journals and biographies available online at our Live From Antarctica 2 web site.
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/antarctica2/main/field.html

NSF's Polar Program background on research objectives in the Antarctic are detailed here.
http://www.nsf.gov/nsf/nsfpubs/nsf9491/nsf9491h.htm#UnitedSt

LTER (Long Term Ecological Research)'s Palmer Station overview, history, project information and related links.
http://www.crseo.ucsb.edu/lter/lter.html

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Getting There: Half the Battle!

Lee Liming's Tourist Expedition to Antarctica gives an insider's view of an actual trip to Antarctica via the R/V Marco Polo in Jan-Feb. 1994.
http://http2.sils.umich.edu/Antarctica/Story.html

Lee Liming's Tourist Expedition site includes Visitor's Guidelines at:
http://http2.sils.umich.edu/Antarctica/Tour/Guidelines.html

Terraquest's Virtual Antarctica Clothing and Equipment checklist to help students define just what they need to pack on a trip to Antarctica.
http://www.terraquest.com/va/expedition/equipment.html

Students plan a trip to Antarctica in this online Gulf of Maine Aquarium lesson on preparing for the Antartic cold.
http://octopus.gma.org/surfing/antarctica/cold.html

Your Stay At Palmer Station -- this Antarctic Support Associates file gives instructive information on preparing for a trip to Palmer Station.
gopher://quest.arc.nasa.gov:70/00/interactive-projects/Antarctica/NSF/pal-stay

Geologist James E. Lundy's Fall of 1995 trip aboard the R/V Palmer research vessel.
http://piano.geo.utexas.edu/~jiml/palmer.html

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The Ice Ecosystem

An activity about tracking the changes in the Antarctic ice sheet -- use an atlas and satellite imagery to examine the geography of the region and the changing boundaries of the ice sheet. Excellent lesson plan includes use of NIH imaging software.
http://octopus.gma.org/surfing/antarctica/ice.html

Lessons and resources created by ICAIR's LEARNZ (Linking Education with Antarctic Research in New Zealand.
http://icair.iac.org.nz/~psommerv/web/lessonpl/learnz/learnz96/seaice.htm

This LTER (Long Term Ecological Research) at Palmer Station site provides an overview and information about the history and projects conducted.
http://www.crseo.ucsb.edu/lter/lter.html

This University of Colorado National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)provides data and information resource for those studying snow and ice, and their importance to the Earth system. Education resources for teachers with links to studies on Antarctic ice.
http://www-nsidc.colorado.edu/

A great set of ColdLinks -- World Wide Web sites to offer interesting and useful information about the crysophere, climate and global change, and remote sensing.
http://www-nsidc.colorado.edu/NSIDC/coldlinks.html#EDUCATE

The Teel Family of Alaska shares their web site full of fun SNOW activities including: Snow Science -- Snow crystals and how to study them. Snow Activities -- Snow scavenger hunt to an ice candle; Snow Art -- Cutting six-sided snowflakes to snow paint. Snow Literature -- Snow folk tales and poems; Snow Food -- Snow ice-cream and an edible glacier; Snow Links -- Links to other web sites about snow.
http://www.teelfamily.com/activities/snow/

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Ship Mechanics

THE *best* site for information on the Polar Duke and Nathaniel Palmer vessels including : Life On Board the Ship, Communications, Computing, Equipment, Labs, Ship Deck Plans, Ship Safety, etc. presented by the Antarctic Support Associates.
http://enterprise.asa.org/vessels.html

Details the Marco Polo cruise ship which hosted Lee Liming's 1994 trip to Antarctica.
http://http2.sils.umich.edu/Antarctica/Marco_Polo/MarcoPolo.html

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Oil & Water Don't Mix... or Do They?

Ocean Planet's Oil Spill background information details the sources, accidents, and cleanup of oil spills.
http://seawifs.gsfc.nasa.gov/OCEAN_PLANET/HTML/peril_oil_pollution.html

Details the environmental issues in Antarctica including information about oil spills.
http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/~psommerv/web/informat/caring/6_caring.htm#oil

US Environmental Protection Agency's Oil Spill Program provides information about the U.S. EPA's program for preventing, preparing for, and responding to oil spills.
http://www.epa.gov/superfnd/oerr/er/oilspill/oilhome.htm

Newton's Apple lesson on oil spill cleanups with links to related topics.
http://discovery.syr.edu/Projects/Newton/10/lessons/Oilspill.html

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Water Forms Layers

Ocean in Commotion is a site containing multiple links to information about why the ocean is salty, ocean currents, density, temperature, currents, satellite images, circulation. Useful for older students doing research.
http://geosun1.sjsu.edu/~dreed/105/currents.html

"Why Is the Ocean Salty?" By Herbert Swenson (US Geological Survey Publication) A clear and easy to understand document answering questions about sea salinity and the source of the salt in
sea water.
http://www.ci.pacifica.ca.us/NATURAL/SALTY/salty.html

Project Athena Curriculum (engages students in observing phenomena using remote-sensed data to construct knowledge about the world), relating to Oceans, points to instruction units and project activities including Tracking Drifter Buoys and Ocean Color lessons.
http://athena.wednet.edu/curric/oceans/

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Effects of Light/Dark on Phytoplankton Populations

The Marine Ecosystem of the Antarctic is described including information about plankton, krill, and fish and squid.
http://www.terraquest.com/va/science/environments/m.environments.html

An excellent Antarctic Food Web lesson entitled "Who Eats Who In the Antarctic?" by Kim Kovich Coon Rapids, Minnesota.
http://www.intercom.net/local/weeg/antarct7.html

American Geophysical Union report on the effects of UV on phytoplankton in the Southern Ocean.
http://earth.agu.org/revgeophys/smith01/node18.html

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Tracking Activity

WhaleNet's STOP (Satellite Tagging Observation Program) provides opportunities for students to participate in whale and seal tracking activities using satellite imagery.
http://whale.wheelock.edu/whalenet-stuff/stop_cover.html

Australia's Antarctic Research Division provides updated information about the research affecting seal, penguins, krill and other marine life.
http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/sci/bio/bio.html

The Adelie Penguin Monitoring Program where scientists at the Australian Antarctic Division study both these species; the research described at this site relates to a long-term monitoring study of the Adélie penguin, including satellite tracking of Adelie penguins.
http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/sci/bio/adelie_penguins/adelie_penguins.html

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Heat Exchange

New Zealand Antarctic Programme file on Adaptation to Cold with a special foucs on seals, whales, fish, birds, krill, land plants and animals and their adaptive features.
http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/~psommerv/web/informat/adapt/8_adapta.htm

"How Do Survival Techniques of Antarctic Explorers and Polar Animals Compare?" This is the question that students ofthe Accelerated Learning Labortory of Worcester, MA. focus their study on the survival techniques of polar animals and the ways humans mimic these naturally occurring phenomenon. Students will conduct cold environment adaptation experiments, as well as investigate thermal energy concepts, such as the transfer of heat energy, conduction, insulation, and convection.
http://nis.accel.worc.k12.ma.us/WWW/Projects/Antarctica/antarctic.html

Sea World's Animal Information Database provides a broad base of information on marine mammals.
http://www.bev.net/education/SeaWorld/

Virtual Antarctica's Science link provides in depth information about marine and terrestrial environments and Antarctic animals.
http://www.terraquest.com/va/science/science.html

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Penquin Adaptation

Virtual Antarctica's Science link to extensive information on penguins includes: Flightless Birds, Behavior, Breeding Locomotion, Colonies, Adelie Penguin, Emperor Penguin, Gentoo Penguin, Chinstrap Penguin and The Crested Penguins.
http://www.terraquest.com/va/science/penguins/penguins.html

Hear the sounds and see the sights as wildlife sound recordist and NSF Artist-in-Residence, Doug Quin, shares his Antarctic experiences. Highlights include: a visit to the emperor penguins and an Adelie penguin colony on Ross Island; hear leopard seals and Weddell seals at the edge of the sea ice; and experience the creaking and groaning of glaciers from deep within frozen crevasses. Drop in on scientists at the US base on McMurdo Sound and learn about remarkable research.
http://www.webdirectory.com/antarctica/

Gulf of Maine Aquarium provides the useful classroom lessons focusing on Penguin Adaptation, Coping with the Cold, Blubber Glove, Salt Concentration, Chick Die-Off, Changes in Antarctic Ice, and Creating Plankton.
http://octopus.gma.org/surfing/antarctica/index.html

The Adelie Penguin Monitoring Program where scientists at the Australian Antarctic Division study both these species; the research described at this site relates to a long-term monitoring study of the Adélie penguin.
http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/sci/bio/adelie_penguins/adelie_penguins.html

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Comparative Marine Biology

Virtual Antarctica's Science link provides in depth information about marine and terrestrial environments and Antarctic animals.
http://www.terraquest.com/va/science/science.html

ICAIR's descriptive file on penguins, seals and whales provides images and background information on related issues concerning Antarctic marine life.
http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/education/resource/informat/penguins/9_pengui.htm
Satellite images and pictures of Antarctica and the Southern Hemisphere can be found among the many links at this NSIDC (National Snow and Ice Data Center).
http://www-nsidc.colorado.edu/NSIDC/gallery.html

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An Ozone Primer

The Environmental Protection Agency's Stratosphereic Ozone Web site provides a wealth of information about the science of ozone depletion, regulations in the US designed to protect the ozone layer, information on methyl bromide, and contains many links to other sites.
http://www.epa.gov/docs/ozone/index.html

NASA Ames Numerical Aerospace Simulation's Stratospheric Ozone Depletion resource file for both teachers and students interested in the ozone layer. Extensive links particularly useful for the middle-high schoolers.
http://www.nas.nasa.gov/NAS/Education/TeacherWork/Ozone/Ozone.homepage.html
ICAIR's ozone depletion informational file with key links to ozone related web sites including the animation of 1995 ozone hole data and current ozone images available at NOAA.
http://www.icair.iac.org.nz/environment/ozone/index.html

NASA's Facts Online -- Fact Sheet on Ozone from modeling to monitoring projects.
http://pao.gsfc.nasa.gov/gsfc/service/gallery/fact_sheets/earthsci/ozonestu.htm

NASA Mike's (who is the Systems Manager for External Interfaces on the Earth Observing Systems (EOS-PM) Project at NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center) site provides a wealth of information about Ozone -- from the History of TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) to Live Image links.
http://webhost.gsfc.nasa.gov/nasamike/essays/toms/toms.htm

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UV/Plant Activity

Your students are invited to participate in the Ozone Depletion Art Project and share thier artistic creations online that reflect their understanding of the harmful effects of ozone depletion, including increased UV radiation exposure.
http://www.epa.gov/ozone/art/enter.html

An extensive Ozone Depletion FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) that offers insights into the effects of UV on various life forms.
http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/ozone-depletion/uv/faq.html

Union of Concerned Scientist's Sound Science Initiative on Ozone Depletion details the impact and issues.
http://www.ucsusa.org/textonly/global/text.ozone.html

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Data to Death (Krill)

An excellent article with images and charts focusing on the issues relating to the Antarctic krill population written by Dr Stephen Nicol is the Principal Research scientist in charge of the krill research team at the Australian Antarctic Division in Kingston, Tasmania.
http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/sci/bio/issues_krill/issues_krill.html

Virtual Antarctica's Marine Ecosystem background file on plankton, krill, squid and fish.
http://www.terraquest.com/va/science/environments/m.environments.html#B

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Design a Project Palmer Research Station

Detailed information about Palmer Station presents overview, history, and the projects conducted.
http://www.crseo.ucsb.edu/lter/lter.html

US Long Term Ecological Research Network -- find out what LTER is, the major milestones, and the research conducted via this site.
http://lternet.edu/

Live From Antarctica's (Dec '94-Jan '95) activities included designing a new South Pole station. This lesson plan gives foundation for Activity B.2.
gopher://quest.arc.nasa.gov/00/interactive-projects/Antarctica/teacherguide/program3.txt
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Antarctica: Who needs it?

National Science Foundation's Polar Programs site detailing the various research projects and goals of Antarctic Programs.
http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/publicat/nsf95138/chap7.htm#2

Facilities, Logistics, and Support describes NSF supported research stations in Antarctica.
http://www.nsf.gov/od/opp/antarct/nsf9693/fls.htm

Cornelius Sullivan (Director of the Office of Polar Programs - 1993) addresses the question of "Why go to Antarctica to conduct scientific research?"
http://www.nsf.gov/od/opp/antarct/dec93/dec93-01.htm

Antarctica: A Unique Laboratory for Science --Science is the principal human activity in Antarctica. The continent and the seas around it are a natural laboratory in which to investigate fundamental questions in astronomy and astrophysics, glaciology.
http://www.nsf.gov/od/opp/antarct/antprog/chiii.htm

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Antarctica: General Information

Visit this exceptional Web-based instructional guide entitled "About Antarctica" developed by Seven Downey, PhD student at the University of Illinois. It is an introductory guide designed for junior and senior high school students. The current beta version covers topics such as continental drift, weather, ice movements, global warming, seals, and penguins, Within the month, Steve expects to add another section on whales in Antarctica. Students can even measure their knowledge by trying out the Review Activities on each topic.
http://www.ed.uiuc.edu/students/downey/project

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