From the Hubble Space Telescope
Going On-line-an Educator's Primer
World Wide Web Resources
I can only imagine how access to this much information would have changed my own school experience. The highway will alter the focus of education from the institution to the individual. The ultimate goal will be changed from getting a diploma to enjoying lifelong learning.
Bill Gates, The Road Ahead, 1995
Whether you're a classroom teacher, home schooling parent, science center or museum educator, or an advocate of school reform and lifelong learning, on-line resources can radically transform the learning process. NASA's K-12 Internet Initiative, our on-line partner, provides a wide array of on-line materials and opportunities freely accessed via the Internet (often referred to as the "Information SuperHighway"). Teachers' responses to our previous projects convince us that going on-line will enhance and enrich your students' learning environment.
You needn't be an Internet expert to benefit from our on-line resources. Passport to Knowledge consciously tries to provide a wide and flexible menu of alternatives for those educators with limited time, technology, connectivity and support. Simple electronic mail (e-mail) via a slower, cheaper modem and regular phone line provides a great deal of information, as well as opportunities for interaction with working scientists and project participants. And it's easy to use, even for a newcomer to the Internet. At the same time, with Live from the Hubble Space Telescope, we've made a commitment to those of you with more advanced networking skills and access, by expanding our Web site to include special features such as Web Chat and videoconferencing.
What's Available?Electronic Mail
Electronic mail provides an easy-to-use medium for exchanging ideas and receiving and sending information (some e-mail programs even allow you to attach graphics files). E-mail is the traditional first step for those who are new to the "net" and can be stimulating even if a little overwhelming at times! Mail lists: updates-hst and discuss-hst Two essential Live from the Hubble Space Telescope e-mail resources are the updates-hst and discuss-hst mail lists. When you subscribe to a mail list, you automatically receive all messages or "postings" sent out from the folks managing the list. In the case of discuss- hst, you may also send messages to the list.
The updates-hst mail list provides the key link between you and the project by keeping you informed of late-breaking project news, announcements, timely resources and special events. Once you've subscribed to this list, you will automatically receive all updates-hst postings, until you remove yourself from the list. The discuss-hst mail list is a special conference or discussion forum for educators interested in sharing lesson plans and resources, teaching strategies, innovative ways to integrate the project into the classroom, coordinating collaborative efforts, and planning special events. It's also a great place to discuss concerns and questions (and even gripes!) as well as to make suggestions and provide input to the LHST project team. All members of discuss-hst should also be subscribed to updates-hst.
To join either or both of these mail lists:
Once your e-mail message is received by our automatic mail program, you will be sent a file providing essential introductory information about the operation of the list. Please save this information for future reference.
Researcher Q & AAnother resource is available to educators and students beginning March 1, 1996 and extending "live" through the end of April, 1996. This opportunity is known as Researcher Q & A: it enables students to ask questions about the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomy and what's been happening in the project, with answers coming back directly to each individual student inquiry. HST researchers, engineers, and support staff-some of whom will have also be seen on-camera during the videos-will correspond with classrooms, students, and educators in this interactive exchange. Questions will be acknowledged and answered as quickly as possible. All questions and answers will be archived on-line at our Web site. A useful keyword search function will allow quick access to existing Question and Answer pairs. Suggestions about submitting questions will be posted in the regular updates-hst newsletters, which will also provide tips for asking questions and practical logistics. Be sure to subscribe to updates-hst for this key information!
Field Journals via e-mailFrom February through April,1996, the day-to-day lives of Hubble astronomers, researchers, and support staff will be shared via these research logs/diaries. Students and educators will meet the men and women who ultimately make the Hubble an unparalleled scientific resource. Field Journals from people at the Space Telescope Science Institute, Goddard Space Flight Center, from astronauts, university astronomers and other project participants around the world, will provide an "over-the-shoulder" view of their lives and work-rare, anecdotal and personal insights on the successes, challenges, and "human side" of contemporary astronomy and high-tech careers. Many educators have used previous Field Journals as models and motivation to help students document their own participation in the electronic field trip. These journals are intended to help students appreciate the great diversity of people and skills needed for success in a modern-day science project. Field Journals will be distributed via updates-hst, and also archived on our Web site for easy access.
Special Upcoming Features
Getting ConnectedWhatever your unique situation, there are five essential ingredients to Internet connectivity:
1. Computer: updated Mac/IBM with expanded memory for World Wide Web use (8M recommended)
2. Modem: device which connects computer to the outside world via phone line. Recommended speed: 14.4 baud or higher (28.8 if you can)
3. Phone line which may be used for voice or fax when not in use by the modem. 4. Internet account: access to the Internet may be provided by local Internet providers, university accounts, commercial services like America Online, Compuserve, Delphi, Prodigy, Apple's E-World, Microsoft Network, etc. Check with your Department of Education regarding statewide education networks: many states provide reduced rate access for local teachers, so asking around with school colleagues and at the district level definitely pays off.
5. Software: communications software and Internet application software including e-mail program, Web browser, etc. are usually provided by the Internet service provider. Commercial services provide a package of software that is readily available by contacting their 800 customer service number. Since there are so many regional variations, you are encouraged to check with your in- house or district technology expert about local Internet access and specific logistics about using your computer, software, modem and the Internet. If you have general questions which remain unanswered, or specific Live from Hubble issues, feel free to contact Jan Wee, Passport to Knowledge Education Outreach Coordinator. (See inside front cover for phone, fax and e-mail contact information.)
We hope you find these Web and e-mail resources a key project component as you integrate Live from the Hubble Space Telescope into your own unique learning environment, and adapt it to your needs.
The URL (Uniform Resource Locator, or simply the "Web address") for Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is: http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/livefrom/hst.htm
ResourcesPoetry and Astronomy
Ackerman, D. "The Poetry of Diane Ackerman." in Mercury, Jul/Aug 1978, p. 73 Franknoi, A. & Friedman, A., "Images of the Universe" in Mercury, Mar/Apr 1975, p. 14.
On astronomical poetry throughout history. Marschall, L., "Modern Poetry and Astronomy." in Mercury, Mar/Apr 1983, p. 41
Marschall, L., "Comets and the Muse." in Mercury, Jan/Feb 1986, p. 10
Maynard, C., "Robert Frost: Poet of the Night." in Sky & Telescope, June 1992, p. 692
Weitzenhoffer, K., "Well Versed in Astronomy." in Sky & Telescope, Oct. 1990, p. 365
Brief introduction to astronomy in poetry over the centuries.
Mythology and Legends
Art and Astronomy
ON-LINE ON DISK
Richard Seltzer of B & R Samizdat Express, a small Boston publisher, downloads all current files on our Web site and makes them available in Mac or IBM formats. You may order diskettes for $10.00 per 3.5" high density diskette. You are authorized and encouraged to make as many copies as you need to share with students and colleagues. Live from the Hubble diskettes will be available in late February and may be ordered by e- mail or postal mail. Be sure to indicate whether you want IBM or Mac format, your full name and address, and enclose a check, purchase order, or current credit card information. In the U.S., there is no charge for shipping and handling. Massachusetts residents should add 50 cents per disk for sales tax. Outside the U.S., add $2.00 for shipping per order. For orders via postal mail: B and R Samizdat Express, P. O. Box 161, West Roxbury, Massachusetts, 02132-0002. For e-mail orders: email@example.com (Send payment via postal mail) For more information about the "Please Copy This Disk" service, call Richard Seltzer at 617-469-2269.
Check our 1-908-273-4108 Passport to Knowledge Hotline, mailbox #6, for updated information about how many diskettes are offered.
Student Evaluation Form
For bulk orders of the hands-on materials sampled in this "mini-kit": Thermal paper and UV beads: Educational Innovations, (203) 629-6049, or e-mail: EdInnov@aol.com Diffraction gratings and color filters: R&R Packaging (508) 433-6835 HST "Greatest Hits" and other space slides and videos: Finley-Holiday Films 1-800-345-6707
The Passport to Knowledge team has tried to make Live from the Hubble Space Telescope informative and fun. Please tell us a little about your response to the project so we can do still better next time. Thanks!
Grade level: Teacher name: School: Are you male/female? 1. I watched: Program 1: The Great Planet Debate yes o no o Program 2: Making Your Observations yes o no o Program 3: Announcing Your Results yes o no o 2. Our class prepared for the electronic field trip by: (list any classroom activities you did before viewing the videos) 3. Our class followed up the electronic field trip by: (list any classroom activities you did after viewing the videos) 4. The BEST classroom activity we did was: The WORST classroom activity we did was: 5: The BEST part of the videos was: The WORST part of the videos was: 7. We accessed the on-line materials via computer and modem: yes o no o 8. The MOST interesting material we found on-line was: 9. The MOST interesting thing I learned from the whole Live from the Hubble project was: 10. Describe one thing you learned about: Astronomy: How the Hubble Space Telescope operates: How scientists work: How school subjects are used in the world beyond school: 11. Live from the Hubble Space Telescope gave me: Factual Information about Astronomy yes o no o Factual Information about Careers in Science yes o no o Better understanding of basic Scientific Concepts yes o no o Better understanding of the Scientific Process yes o no o Increased interest in Science and Technology yes o no o Increased interest in a Career in Science or Technology yes o no o Increased appreciation for Teamwork yes o no o Increased sense of Connectedness across distance yes o no o Greater ability to use Computers and Telecommunications yes o no o Greater ability to ask good questions and synthesize information yes o no o 12. If in the future you could take more electronic field trips like Live from the Hubble Space Telescope, where would you MOST like to "visit"? How about the following places? Check all that sound interesting: Dinosaur Dig o Amazon Rainforest o Ocean Deep o Mars o Return to Antarctica o 13. Next time I hope my teacher will once again DO: 14. Next time I'd advise my teacher NOT TO:
Live from the Hubble Space telescope
Teacher Evaluation Form
Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is the third in the ongoing series of Passport to Knowledge field trips. We've tried to incorporate feedback from teachers into our previous projects: please take a few moments to tell us how you used the video, print and on-line components so we can learn still more. Returning this form will also place you on our mailing list for future Modules. (A shorter evaluation form to be completed by students is also provided.) Please note: Passport to Knowledge will distribute 500 free copies of NASA's new Astronomy Village CD-ROM to educators returning completed Teacher and Student evaluation forms by May 30, 1996. Yes, this also applies to home-schoolers with just a few students!
I. General Information Your name: Professional status (e.g. teacher, principal, Library Media specialist, etc.) School/Contact Address: Phone: Grade Level taught: 1. Number of Classes who participated: # of Students # of Teachers 2. Check all subjects in which this project was used. General Science: o Biology: o Earth Sciences: o Physics: o Math: o Computers: o Language: o Social Studies: o Other: 3. Was the project used as a "Team Teaching" activity? yes o no o 4. Did your school/institution connect with local astronomers, science museums, planetariums, etc. to support your activities? yes o no o 5. Please check yes/no to your use of the various Project Components Live videos yes o no o Taped videos yes o no o Teacher's Guide (print) yes o no o NASA's Space Based Astronomy yes o no o Other co-packaged print materials yes o no o Hands-on "mini-kit" (poster, filter, beads.) yes o no o On-line resources yes o no o 1-800 "Hotline" yes o no o 6. Were you able to integrate this project with your teaching goals? yes o no o II. Video Components 1. Which program(s) did you and/or your students watch? Program 1: The Great Planet Debate yes o no o Program 3: Announcing Your Results yes o no o Program 2: Making Your Observations yes o no o 2. Please indicate by checking your source of the videos: PBS: o NASA-TV (NASA Select) o Educational Network: o Videotape o 3. How many lessons did you give before students viewed the videos? 4. How many lessons did you spend on follow-up after the videos? 5. On a scale where 1 is lowest and 4 is highest, please rate the Importance of the videos to the project, and rate their Quality: Importance Quality (1 = lowest, 4 = highest) Live programs 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Taped programs 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 6. Rate the Importance of the Live aspect of the project: 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 7. Please describe the most important learning that your students gained from the video components? 8. Do you plan to use the programs again, on tape, in the future? yes o no o III. Print Materials 1. Rate the Importance and Quality of the Teachers Guide, "mini-kit" and co-packaged publications: Importance Quality (1 = lowest, 4 = highest) Live from the Hubble Space Telescope Teacher's Guide (overall) 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Individual Guide components: Broadcast Information 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 How to use an "electronic field trip" 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Program Overviews 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Classroom Activities 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Materials and Resource Lists 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 "How to Get On-line" 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Interdisciplinary matrix and icons 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Glossary 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Co-packaged materials: NASA Space Based Astronomy 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Space Telescope Science Institute "Starcatcher" 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Poster 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Color Filters 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Teacher Evaluation Form page 2 UV Beads 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Diffraction grating 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Heat sensitive paper/cardboard 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 2. Which classroom activities did you work on with your students? Please list ALL used, by page number in the Guide: 3. Was there sufficient information to adapt the activities/material to the needs/grade level of your students? yes o no o 4. Please describe the most important learning that your students gained from the Print and "mini-kit" materials: IV. On-line Components 1. Did you and/or your students use the On-line resources? yes o no o 2. Please check all on-line formats used: e-mail o gopher o Web o 3. How did you access the materials? NASA Quest o NASA Spacelink o PBS o Other (please specific) 4. On a scale where 1 is lowest and 4 is highest, please rate the Importance of the On- line components, and rate their Quality: Importance Quality (1 = lowest, 4 = highest) (a) Informational resources (i.e. non-interactive) Teacher's Guide 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 HST Updates (newsletter) 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 (b) Interactive opportunities Researcher Q & A (e-mail to and from the scientists) 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Field Journals/Logs 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Junior-HST Field Journals/Logs 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Discuss-HST 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 (c) On-line collaborative activities, (e.g. star-census, weather) 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5. Did your students send questions to Researcher Q & A? yes o no o 6. Did your students incorporate the results of their work with on-line materials in their own presentations/reports? yes o no o 7. How would you rate the ease of use of the on-line materials, where 1 is very easy, 2 quite easy, 3 quite hard and 4 very hard 1 o 2 o 3 o 4 o 8. Please describe the most important learning that your students gained from use of the on-line materials: V. Student Learning 1. On a scale where 1 is Least Valuable and 4 is Most Valuable, please rate what kind of student learning resulted from the project. Least Valuable Most Valuable (1 = least, 4 = most) (a) Factual Information Factual Information about Astronomy 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Factual Information about Careers in Science 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Better understanding of basic Scientific Concepts 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Better understanding of the Scientific Process 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 (b) Attitudes Increased interest in Science and Technology 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Increased interest in Career in Science or Technology 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Increased appreciation for Teamwork 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Increased sense of Connectedness across distance 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 (c) Skills Ability to use Computers and Telecommunications in schoolwork 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Ability to ask good questions and synthesize information 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 2. Please describe the most valuable learning outcome you saw in your students: VI. Future Passport to Knowledge Modules 1. If your students could take more electronic field trips, where would they most like to "visit"? Dinosaur Dig Amazon Rainforest Ocean Deep Mars Return to Antarctica Other: 2. What improvements can you suggest for future Passport to Knowledge Modules? 3. Other groups are offering electronic field trips at varying costs per school/student: how much would you/your school pay for a Passport to Knowledge project such as Live from the Hubble Space Telescope? Would/could not participate unless free/low-cost yes o no o $50 o $100 o $150 o $200 o $300 o more o Questions? Please contact Passport to Knowledge: fax (908) 277-9590: e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Please mail this completed form, together with student evaluations, to: Live from the Hubble space telescope, P.O. Box 1502, Summit, New Jersey, 07902-1502
Concepts, Themes & Interdisciplinary ConnectionsDr. Anne Kinney, Education Manager/ Project Scientist, STScI
Scientists tend to ask the same questions that kids do when they play... They ask a question and that invokes another questionÉ It's something that people know intrinsically when they are children and somewhere they forget it. Scientists still do it, and the more successful they are, the better they are at honoring the questions that come up. ...Science is on-going, but the greatest criticism about the way I learned science is that it was always taught that someone else did it, and that they were usually wearing a white coat and, of course, they were usually male and they knew all the answers and, of course, what was the point. In fact it is really not that way. Science is on-going and if you want to know the answer to something you better be the one who is asking the questions-you yourself-not someone in another room with a different background than yourself. Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is unprecedented, we never used Hubble Telescope orbits for classroom use before. Another unique thing... that we are trying to have students involved in which planet to look at... I would be very happy if they had a feeling that they were the scientists. I would be very happy if they had a lot of unanswered questions. When it was over, I would be happy if they were not content with the plan that was chosen, in fact they wished it was of another planet because they didn't get their question answered. In other words, if we caused a lot of trouble I would be very happy!
Cross-Curriculum Connections of Programs and Activities Science Math Language Social Tech. Computers Art Arts Studies Ed. & on-line Opening/Program 1 Activity 1A x x x x x Activity 1B x x x x x Activity 1C x x x Program 2 Activity 2A x x x Activity 2B x x x Activity 2C x x x x x Activity 2D x x x x x Activity 2E x x x x x Program 3 Activity 3A x x x x x Activity 3B x x x x x Activity 3C x x Activity 3D x x x x x x Closing Activity 4A x x x x Activity 4B x x x x x x Activity 4C x x x x x Concepts, Themes and Interdisciplinary Connections Correlation of Live from the Hubble Space Telescope programs and Activities with concepts and themes suggested by Project 2061 and the California Science Framework Project 2061 Systems Constancy Patterns of Evolution Scale Models *** Ca. Science & Interactions Stability Change Evolution Scale and *** Energy Framework Structure Opening/Program 1 Activity 1A x x x x x x Activity 1B x x x x x Activity 1C x x Program 2 Activity 2A x x x x x Activity 2B x x x x Activity 2C x x x x x x Activity 2D x x x x x Activity 2E x x x x x x Program 3 Activity 3A x x x x x x Activity 3B x x x x x x x Activity 3C x x x x x x x Activity 3D x x x x x x x Closing Activity 4A x x x x Activity 4B x x x x x x x Activity 4C x x x Signal Path TDRS Domestic Satellite Hubble Space Telescope Space Telescope Science Institute Baltimore, MD TDRS Terminal White Sands, NM NASA/Goddard Greenbelt, MD
Student Placement for Activity 2D: Bouncing DataPassport to Knowledge is looking to the future and hopes to work with you to design other new and exciting Modules. Some ideas for future programs are:
Live from Mars, Live from Antarctica 2, Live from the Amazon Rainforest, Live from the Ocean Deep, Live from the Place the Dinosaurs Died, Live from Shuttle/MIR, Live from the Fastest Planes on Earth and Live from the North Pole. We hope you agree these are exciting and significant topics for "students of all ages"!
PTK invites you to be a member of a global learning community and come along for some very exciting adventures over the coming months and years. We look forward to working and learning with you on this exciting adventure.