From the Hubble Space Telescope
Project NotesAn electronic field trip via interactive television, computer networks and hands-on science activities.
Made possible in part by NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, The National Science Foundation, PBS K-12 Learning Services and public television
Welcome to Live from the Hubble Space Telescope! This project marks the very first time that K-12 students have been directly involved in choosing which objects to observe with Earth's most powerful orbital telescope. And it's the first time that a unique mix of live interactive video and on-line interaction have given students across America and around the world the opportunity to visit-virtually-via an "electronic field trip," with the men and women who operate the Hubble. This Guide and the co-packaged hands-on materials are designed to help you and your students prepare for that experience, integrate it successfully into your course of instruction, and make it pay off long after the live videos are over. Many of the Activities you'll find here directly parallel the processes you'll see on camera or read about on-line. When your students chart which planets are safe to view with the Hubble (Activity 2C), throw a basketball around the gym to simulate the telecommunications path which brings the Hubble's data back to Earth (Activity 2D), or make a color image from black and white data (Activity 3A), they'll be mirroring the real-world activities they'll see the astronomers, mission planners and engineers doing on camera, in the real world of research.
Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is targeted primarily at middle schools, but can easily be adapted up or down in grade level. The project features cutting-edge science, but also provides extensive connections across disciplines, including math, social studies, language arts, technology education and computer skills, and it contains information about high-tech careers as well as "pure" research.
This is the third in our ongoing Passport to Knowledge series. Old hands will recognize many aspects of earlier Modules. But just like your students, we hope we've been growing and learning. We now have a full-time Education Outreach Coordinator, Jan Wee: you'll find her contact numbers on the inside front cover of this Guide. They are there for educators to use, with questions about any aspect of the project. Our innovative on-line resources continue to evolve. If you're new to the Internet, you'll find a section in this Guide designed to get you going. If you use the World Wide Web or have more extensive connectivity, you'll find graphics, a "Virtual Tour" of Space Telescope and its support network. We hope our project suggests ways in which your students can become authors, creators and publishers on-line, not mere "browsers." As one elementary teacher said, "Passport to Knowledge doesn't encourage students just to 'surf the Net,' but rather to 'make waves.' "
Is there a common feature to all our Modules, ranging as they do from penguins to planets, from the South Pole to Pluto? We hope you agree it's putting people into the process, so that students discover science not as history-with all discoveries done by others, many long dead-but as real life in which they can play a role. Passport to Knowledge is "Real Science, Real Scientists, Real Locations, Real Time."
Our project makes interaction with world-class scientists possible for students in schools, at home or from science centers and museums. And our project very much wants interaction with, and feedback from, YOU. On page 40, there's news about a special inducement to return the Teacher and Student Evaluation forms: a free CD-ROM. But your greatest reward will be to help shape future Passport to Knowledge field trips-the better to help you inform, inspire and educate your students. In Fall 1996, we plan to begin Live from Mars-a project which will extend over many years and multiple NASA and international missions. In Winter 1997, we expect to be back in the Antarctic, in the Palmer Peninsula, studying baby seals and and other wild-life close-up, as well as hunting dinosaur fossils. We hope your success with this current project means you'll be traveling with us then, and that Live from the Hubble Space Telescope will help you make "Reality" the fourth "R" in your classroom.
Thanks for your belief in our planet's most precious and, we believe, unlimited resource: the minds and imaginations of its young people.
Programs and Initial Air Dates and Times
Program 2 Making YOUR Observations March 14, 1996, 13:00-14:00 Eastern Program 3 Announcing YOUR Results April 23, 1996, 13:00-14:00 Eastern Please Note: Program 1 The Great Planet Debate first aired November 9, 1995, as an introduction to the entire project. (For videotapes, see below)
Primary Satellite CoordinatesKu-band: PBS K-12 Learning Services: Telstar 401, 97 degrees West, transponder 8, horizontal, 11915 Mhz, audio on 6.2 and 6.8
Please note: this refers to carriage on the primary satellite used by PBS. Carriage on the satellite itself does not guarantee broadcast by any individual PBS station. Please check local listings well in advance of air time to verify local arrangements! An on-line listing of confirmed carriage by local stations and educational networks will be accessible between March 1, 1996 and April 23, 1996.
C-band: NASA TV: Spacenet 2, 69 degrees West, transponder 5, channel 9, horizontal, frequency 3880 Mhz, audio on 6.8
NASA TV has indicated it will carry programs at the time and date scheduled. However Shuttle schedules and other factors may modify this. Again, please check current schedules close to air time. NASA TV publishes its daily schedule over NASA Spacelink. The Live from Hubble Home Page will also provide a pointer to this information.
VideotapesTapes of the programs as broadcast will be available from NASA's 10 Regional Teacher Resource Centers and NASA CORE. (For NASA addresses, see the accompanying publication, Space Based Astronomy, pp. 90-91) For NASA CORE, phone (216) 774-1051. For other availability, check the Passport to Knowledge: Live from the Hubble Space Telescope Information Hotline:
Off-Air Taping RightsThe producers have made the standard public television Extended Rights period of "one year after initial broadcast" available for free classroom use.
Contingency AnnouncementField research on a scientific frontier is inherently unpredictable. Even traditional school trips are subject to weather and disruptions. An electronic field trip is no different: the Live from the Hubble Space Telescope programs are dependent on the HST operating normally, NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellites being available, and all domestic satellite links holding (see Activity 2D, page 24 below, for more background on how the electronic images get from Pluto to you!) The production team has put in place contingency plans for most eventualities. In the event of temporary loss of signal, live programming will continue from ground sites, interspersed with pre-taped segments.
Register for on-line Live from the Hubble Space Telescope updates or
check our Web site:
On-line resources are a unique element of this project and are described
in more detail in this Guide. Background information is already available,
and will remain accessible indefinitely, so long as it remains current.
The project's interactive and collaborative components, such as Researcher
Q & A will commence March 1, 1996, and will be supported at least through
April 30, 1996. To subscribe via e-mail, contact:
In the body of the message, write:
Need more Information?
Educators may contact the Passport to Knowledge Education Outreach
Coordinator, Jan Wee
Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is a Passport to Knowledge project. Passport to Knowledge is supported, in part, by the National Science Foundation, under award ESI-9452769. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Foundation.
This project was supported, in part, by the
National Science Foundation
Project Staff and Acknowledgments
Passport to Knowledge Project Director: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles Executive in charge of Production: Erna Akuginow Education Outreach Coordinator: Jan Wee Producer: Richard Dowling Technical Coordinator: George R. Beneman, II Clearance Coordinator: Lisa Lehman Trager MultiMedia Instructional Materials Development Team Scott L. Coletti, Crittenden Middle School, Mountain View, CA Linda Conrad, Cupertino Junior High, Sunnyvale, CA Alan Federman, NASA K-12 Internet Initiative William A. Gutsch, Jr., past President, International Planetarium Society, and former Chairman, Hayden Planetarium, NY Pat Haddon, Science Teacher/Grade 6 Team Leader, Summit Middle School, Summit, NJ Thomas W. Kraupe, President Elect, International Planetarium Society, and Director, Forum der Technik Planetarium, Munich, Germany Patty Miller, KidScience Teleschool Teacher, Hawaii Department of Education Linda Morris, Director of Education/Center Director, Buehler Challenger & Science Center, Paramus, NJ Marc Siegel, NASA K-12 Internet Initiative Carolyn Sumners, Director of Astronomy and Physics, Houston Museum of Natural Science April S. Whitt, Fernbank Science Center, DeKalb County School District, Atlanta, GA Passport to Knowledge National Advisory Board Dale Andersen, Exobiologist, NASA Ames Research Center Linda Billings, Arlington, VA Bruce Daley, Clark County School District, Las Vegas April Keck DeGennaro, Teacher, Honolulu Joseph D. Exline, Curriculum Consultant, VA D.A. Harper, Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago Camille Moody, NASA Education John Rummel, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA Thom Stone, NSI/Sterling Software James S. Sweitzer, Ph.D., Associate Director, Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica, University of Chicago Astronomical Consultants and "Planet Advocates" Reta Beebe, New Mexico State University w Marc Buie, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona Heidi Hammel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Carolyn Porco, University of Arizona, Tucson Space Telescope Science Institute Robert E. Williams, Director Ethan Schreier, Deputy Director Mimi Bredeson, Deputy Carol Christian, Office Head, Public Outreach Anne Kinney, Education Manager and Project Scientist Patricia Pengra, Outreach Services Manager Laura Danly, Education Project Scientist Carole Rest, Education Program Analyst Cheryl Gundy, Public Affairs Alex Storrs, Planning Scientist, Moving Targets Zolt Levay, Computer Specialist for Image Processing Al Holm, Manager, OPUS Tony Roman, Rob Landis, Karla Peterson and Andy Lubenow, Program Coordinators Walt Feimer, Astronomy Visualization Laboratory Ed Weibe, Engineer (Allied Signal) Ginger French, Video Producer Ray Villard, News and Information Manager Kim Zeidler, Teacher Intern Pat Momberger, Administration Coordinator NASA Goddard Space Flight Center John Campbell, Associate Director of Flight Projects for Hubble Space Telescope Ann Merwarth, Project Manager for HST Operations and Ground Systems Preston Burch, Deputy Project Manager for Operations, HST Operations and Ground Systems Project Chris Wilkinson, Deputy Operations Manager Jan Ruff, Public Affairs/Education Tammy Jones, PAO Pat Kennedy, TV Production Supervisor (Allied Signal) NASA K-12 Internet Initiative Karen Traicoff, NASA Ames Jennifer Sellers, Marc Siegel, Alan Federman, Susan Lee, Mike DeFrenza, Sterling Software Nathan Hickson, Chris Tanski, I-Net PBS K-12 Learning Services Sandra Welch, Executive Vice President, Education Francis Thompson, Tom Flavell, Cindy Johanson Space Telescope-European Coordinating Facility, Garching, Germany Piero Benvenuti, Head Robert Fosbery, ST Information Scientist Rudolf Albrecht, ST Data and SoftwareNext Section. -- Quick Guide.