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Lunar Research Station Design Challenge

Final Design
Deane Buuck's Eight Graders
Winthrop Middle School

floor plan 1 floor plan 2

Nasa lunar station keytable= 3cm per meter

1- greenhouse

2- observatory

3- medical room

4- communications room

5- kitchen

6- bedrooms

7- spacesuit room

8- research room

9- lounge

10- bathroom

11- storage-

12- weight room

13- plankton room


greenhouse

dining room

Medical Room
overview of station in legos
Overview
drawing of side view

Architectural Materials

1.) Flexcrete for the outside

2.) Wood for the inside

3.) plexy glass for the cover on the top

4.) on the top, a metal door that can cover the plexy glass with the press of a button

5.) some glass for the inside windows like the weight room

Why?

1. Rexcrete is a new material. It weighs 20% less than a comparable size of concrete.

2. Wood it would be a more comfortable and durable material on the moon. It also weighs less.

3. A plexy glass cover will allow light in but keep out harmful meteorites and radiation.

4. The metal cover can be used in severe meteor storms.

5. Some clear glass will help boost morale. It keeps the workers from getting depressed

ENERGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

oxygen sources- green house, make artificial oxygen

food supply- frozen foods, fresh vegetable grown and stored freeze dried foods/meals

energy- solar planes, and windows channeling light to the rest of the buildings

human resources- bedroom 2 people per room, bathroom, lounge, fitness/ muscle toner center- there is not as much pull on the legs so astronauts need to exercise more often

compressed air- for missions to other places on the moon

COMMUNICATIONS

intercom for all the rooms in the buildings

web cams to talk to people on the earth

2-way radio in the space suits to other space suits and to the space station

walk talkies for emergencies

2-way radio phone connections to nasa

program to transfer data to nasa

 Mount washington observatory is the closest  observatory to us.

function: to research

ground winds

cosmos

snow gauge

ice sensor

It's located there because : to understand the natural systems that create the weather

and climate by using this weather station

analog: in reference to a mechanism that data by measurement of a continuous physical universe, as voltage or pressure

the lunar environment doesn't have the same gravity as Earth, oxygen, light(sunlight) human, plant,or animal habitat, water supplies, shelter, or housing, food, technology supplies, clothing stores

 

COMMUNICATIONS

COMMUNICATION FOR AROUND THE SPACE STATION: For this, we plan to install an intercom system around the entire station for communication to separate rooms.

COMMUNICATION FOR PEOPLE ON THE MOON: When people are outside on the moon, we will communicate by two way radio.

COMMUNICATION TO EARTH: We have 15 computers for communication by e-mail, webcam and microphone. The signal will be carried by radio waves.This will be substantial in communicating to the NASA station on Earth.

1.A (ii)There are some research sat ions on the earth, for example there is the Antarctica research center and there is also the Mount Washington research sation.

            The Hally Research sation in Anoretic, is to research glaciology, meteorology, seismology, radio astronomy, geospace science and the earth’s atmosphere. They have figured out about the ozone hole that is in the atmosphere.

            Glaciology is the study of natural actions of glaciers and the way they affect the Earth’s configuration. They are down in Anoretic to figure out that and other things like meteorology, seismology, radio astronomy, and geospace science. Meteorology is science about the atmosphere’s happenings and can also be used to help predict the impending weather. Seismology is the study of earthquakes, and radio astronomy is the study of the radio waves that is from the objects in the universe. Geospace science is the study of land forms in space. For example comets, planets, asteroids, meteorites.

1.C (i) Waste handling, Food, Water, Bed, Oxygen, Warmth, Heating, Bathing system,  Air filter( to change the Coo to Oxygen),  Communication to earth, Communication within the sation, Space suits.

1.C(iii) We would take separate parts and bring them up to the moon on one ship, to then have people who are experienced in constructing things in a zero gravity area to an object that is an planet, and or matter of mass that is in space. After that we could have those people go back to earth while having some people stay up there. Then the people who have been trained to live up there can finally go up there in a ship while the people who stayed up there after building it can come back down.

1.D(i) The lunar environment is different from the Earth’s by the gravitational pull; the moon has a great amount less of gravitational pull. The moon has about one sixth of the earth’s gravitational pull. Another difference is the materials of the moon, there are some things from basalt, and there is also soil up there called regality.

Alex’s:

1.B(iii) We are not going to be able to simulate gravity. We also are not going to be able to simulate the launch of the lunar research sation. We cannot do those because we do not have the technology, nor the money to do it.

Communications:

The communications that are going to be able to talk between people with walkie-talkies of a sort. People can have an head set that you can change to certain channel and you can talk to each other. They would be able to talk within an 100 mile distance if possible. So that if they are exploring then they can still communicate.

Human Factors:

For a human to live they need food, water, a place to live, exercise,and human interaction. The people on the moon is are going to need oxygen for the ability to survive. For the oxygen we are mainly going to get some from the greenhouse. Then we are going to have things that can change the carbon dioxide to oxygen(filers)There are also going to be plants around the building in rooms. For example in the lounge we can have some plants like flowers and things like that for example.  Part of the greenhouse is going to be an source of food. For fruits and vegetables we are going to have some that are grown in the greenhouse. And then in the storage we can have dried fruits like raisins. The storage is going to have an HUGE refrigerator that has the meats that we can have up there. Also in the storage there is going to be normal temperature that can store things that are items that don’t need to be refrigerated. We can have flour be up there so that the cooks can make bread and many items like that.

Space travel and exploration question:

1. NASA’s current thoughts about rovers like Spirit and Opportunity are that they are to slow and they are only for land, there is no way for them to get off the ground.

2. The new designs are being made that allow the probes to get off the ground and yet they will stay around mars. The probes are going to be able to roll around mars and stop if detecting something. The probes are going to be able to make energy when they roll around. The probes are going to be energy efficient and have multiples ways of moving around.

3. The benefits are that they will have a way of getting energy, they will be able to move around the place easily. They are going to have an easy was of getting to mars without having to me brought down to the planet. They won’t be only one the surface of the planet.  

4. The new models are going to have characteristics that tumble weed will have. Tumbleweed is a plant that doesn't root itself but rolls around collecting the things it need to survive. Another things that the probe is going to be like is going to be like an bird and able to fly around.

5. We will need to work on exploration too. We will work on locating water, finding craters and geographical things, trying to find life forms.

6. One new design model is for our rover to be like a tumbleweed  like a bird. The designs will be able to move around Mars, but not the moon,  easily. Some are going to be able to be in the air. Some are going to be able go under the ground and tunnel around.

1. A-3

  • What can scientists do in at a research station that they can’t do in their offices or laboratories?
Biological scientists work in research and development, conducting research to advance their knowledge of living organisms. They work regular hours in offices or labs, and they don’t expose themselves to unsafe or unhealthy conditions.  While working at a research station, however, astronomers can works as a team. They spend a small amount of time making observations with optical telescopes, radio telescopes and more. They spend most of their time analyzing data.

D-1

  • How is the lunar environment different from Earth’s?

         For one thing, the moon is more seismically table than the Earth; moon quakes most of the time fall within the 1-2 magnitude range on the Richter Scale. The moon has a very thin atmosphere that could be compressed into a 210-foot cube. The moon’s atmosphere is composed of helium, argon, sodium, and potassium, whereas Earth’s atmosphere is composed of nitrogen and oxygen. The gravity field isn’t completely uniform because of mass concentrations underneath the surface. Earth’s gravity field is uniform.

2.  A-3

  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of your location?
A strength of our location, the central courtyard, is that is secluded from all the other rooms in the school.this would be like a lunar research station.  It would also be alone. There is also no wind in this spot just like on the moon. The area is sort of barren and is surrounded by cinder block walls. this is like the moon’s surface.. A weakness of our location is that we do have air, plants, and varying temperatures.                 

                 


 FirstGov  NASA

NASA Official: Mark León
Last Updated: May 2005
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