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Lunar Research Station Design Challenge

Final Design
The C.H.K. Lunar L.A.B
Mrs. Dorer's Grade 4 Class
Lt. Job Lane Elementary School
Connor, Hayley, Kevin, Linda, Albert, Brooke

photo of students and research station
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Placement
We have chosen to place the C.H.K. Lunar L.A.B. (analog Moon Research Station that uses all of our first initials) „under‰ a circular play space on the playground of the Lt. Job Lane Elementary School. We have chosen this site because it is big and closely resembles a crater on the Moon. The ground is paved with cement, and there are no plants growing on it. It
is without any kind of life on it. If we were on the Moon, we would want our station to be built in a crater near the Moon‚s equator.

 

Design
The station will be built in the crater. It will be a partly underground rectangular structure that will measure 30 feet wide by 140 feet long. The foundation and infrastructure will be sturdy for moonquakes and the structure will be made from iron and titanium that would be mined from the surface of the moon. We will also need to make sure that the foundation and building are strong enough so that the dirt and dust will not cave in around the station. We will build a dome above the center section of the station and place our greenhouse under this dome. The dome will have a reflective surface on the outside to reflect the sunlight away from it. There will be a small opening at the top of the dome to let in necessary sunlight. Mirrors will be attached inside the opening to direct the light to different parts of the greenhouse. They would rotate as needed. The
rest of the station will have a flat roof that will be covered with regolith to protect it from the harmful radiation.

We will build an entryway in the middle of one side of the research station. This entry way has revolving doors that open into the base. When astronauts enter the base, they will need to be cleaned of the moon dust that is clinging onto their space suits. To solve this problem, they will go into a set of revolving doors. Once they are inside, a large-sized vacuum will suck the moon dust into a vacuum bag. How does the vacuum know you are there? Simple. Insert a sensor into the doors and the vacuum. Then it will turn on. Finally, when the vacuum bag is full, someone will have to empty it outside of the base. This moon dust can later be used in the greenhouse.

Needs
We know that people who live on the moon will need: oxygen, food, water, living quarters, power, heat, communication devises and vehicles.

Living Quarters
Inside the station, we will build two bedrooms and a bathroom for four scientists. We will also have an exercise room with a basketball court, a treadmill and weights. There is also a combined dining and work room downstairs, and a laboratory for research in one section of the dome. Under another section of the dome will be the greenhouse for growing plants for food.

Oxygen
To provide oxygen, we will use a LOX (Liquid Oxygen) transformer to convert oxygen from inside the moon rocks. We will put the LOX through a dryer, which will turn the LOX into oxygen, and then put the oxygen through a purifier to purify it so the astronauts can breathe.

Water
To provide water, we will take the pure oxygen from the LOX maker, and then put it through an alkaline fuel cell, which will transform it into water, which we can drink. We will also try to transport ice from the poles back to the station with the use of our moon transport planes, which will run on a magnetic track.

Power and Heat
We will use an alkaline fuel cell to provide some of the energy. In the 2-week day span, we will use solar panels. In the night span we will use nuclear reactors. We will use an alkaline fuel cell to provide heat or air-conditioning with
power from the fuel cell.

Food
To provide food, we will grow potatoes, soybeans, wheat, and vegetables in a hydroponics system that uses moon dust as the dirt. Soybeans can make: soymilk, soy yogurt, soy cream cheese, soy meal, animal food, soy flour, tofu, vegetable oil, and miso for soup. It can also be made into infant formula (just in case there is ever a colony on the moon). Wheat can produce whole grains, bagels, whole-wheat flour for bread, cereal (shredded wheat), and couscous. We know we can eat about 80% of the potato plant so that will be a good one to plant. We will also grow carrots, pumpkins, corn, tomatoes (which are a fruit), and cabbage. Plus, we want to bring up a few chicks to the moon. When they grow up they will produce eggs for more protein or for more baby chicks. We can then also eat the older chickens.

Transportation
We will use Moon Buggies that have been left on the moon. These will have shock absorbers and a vacuum system that will keep them close to the ground. The Buggies will have very good traction to keep them on the ground. We will make a kind of airplane that will run on LOX and a magnetic track. This will take us longer distances on the moon, and just skim the surface of the moon.

Communication
We will use Walkie-Talkies and a communications device with a pad that looks like a phone. It would hook onto your moon suit or pants. You can call the other person‚s phone, and they could talk to you from a speaker attached to your ear. We would use the „Bluetooth‰ technology that is already invented. We will also use a microwave transmitter to
communicate with the scientists on Earth.

Protection from Meteors
We will definitely build our station partially underground. We will use missile launchers like a SAM (Surface to Air Missile) Turret that shoots SA-7‚s to turn any meteors into debris before they hit the surface of the moon. We will also use a FET (Field Effect Transistor) to protect against the debris and the radiation. We can also use any of the debris with the
moon dust in our greenhouse.

Conclusion
These are all of the things that would be included in the C.H.K. Lunar L.A.B. Even though it will be challenging to build, it will be a very safe base with all of these advantages. It will be a great success.

 FirstGov  NASA

NASA Official: Mark León
Last Updated: May 2005
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