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Lunar Research Station Design Challenge

Final Design

Ms. Jamison's Students
Warrington Middle School
By: Breianna, Caleb, Cameron, Ebony,
Khoa, Ralf, Miranda & Shandera

Erik ˆ Life Support - Defense New Found Power

I‚m going to make a machine that makes an invisible force field to protect Earth and research stations from lunar hazards. For example, if a meteorite is about to destroy a research station the force field will come up and dissolve the meteorite to dust. I‚m going to use a normal desk to make the machine. I‚m going to use the basket under the chair to set the engine in. To make the engine, I‚m going to use a normal car battery to power everything. Then, I‚m going to a fuse box for the keyboard, computer screen, and the transmitter that will send all the information to the computer and get an engine chip to basically give it a brain. For the desktop, I‚m going to get a keyboard on the desk to type the password and information to put the force field up. Then, get a flat, wooden platform to put a flat screen computer screen on so you can see the information given. To start the whole thing, I‚m going to put a key in and turn it to start the machine. That is what my machine is made of and what each part does.

Ebony ˆ Life Support - Clothing

For the undergarment, it is used to keep the body cool. It will be made with mesh material. Sewn in with the seam is a water tube (not to drink), so the body will stay cool. The bottoms will be made with an elastic waist band. The waist band will have a cool pack in it. 

student drawing of underwear

The official spacesuit will be pressurized. It will be made with a tripe layer nylon material. The inside of the pants will have a tie around the waist. The top will have a tie around the torso. It will not be bulky.

student drawing of spacesuit

The helmet will have oxygen. It will cover the neck and everything else above. The eyes will be protected by a tinted shade.

student design of helmet

The nylon glove will be sheer. To protect the hands a special cream will be applied. The boots will be the same color as the spacesuit. The bottom will be made of chromel-R, a metal that will protect the foot from sharp rocks. The inside sole will have a silicon covered with mush for comfort.

student design of glove student design of boots

 

Every piece of clothing is made with nylon with the exception of the undergarment. Nylon is really strong and basically perfect for this situation. 

Waste Disposal

The space toilet is interesting. There will be one pair of space toilets per house. First you strap yourself in and you do what you do. Then flush the toilet like on an airplane‚s toilet to suck everything down. Once full, you change the waste collector. It along with other people‚s collections will be dumped into space and burned. As for the other trash, everything will be recycled at a recycling plant. 

student design of toilet

In conclusion, clothing will be shiny for reflection purposes. Since it will be dark on the moon, everything worn should be able to reflect any light so people will be seen. The helmet‚s oxygen will come from an all around oxygen burst from the interior of the helmet. The oxygen burst will come from an oxygen tank on the back of the spacesuit. It will connect to the helmet through the back and keep you breathing for about eight hours.

student design helmet & suit oxygen system

The animal waste disposal is pretty easy. The animals will be in a dome filled with oxygen, so when they use the bathroom it will be collected by humans and used as a fertilizer for the vegetation.

Breianna - Habitat

The satellite of the lunar research habitat is for communications and radar (to see if any objects may be headed towards the spacecraft). The Gas and Fuel storage is to keep important gases like oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide. The Cafeteria/Lounge is where dehydrated food is stored and eaten. The Living Quarters is where waste disposal will be located and where the residents will sleep. The Research and Chemistry Lab/Mission Control is where research will be conducted and where the spacecraft will be controlled. 

student design of insde of habitat student design of exterior of habitat

The legs will ensure a safe landing and support. There will be inflatable pads to make an easier and softer landing. The Emergency Exit doors will have hinges that move outward so the residents may leave before something malfunctions or combustions. On the side of the ship, there are ladder rungs so that the residents may get to each room. There will also be small rockets in the „feet‰ of the legs, so that if a storm may come along, the ship could move to avoid it.

Ralf & Khoa - Transportation

student design of vehicle side
student design of vehicle top
vehicle attachmentsTop View

The Gazelle Mark I is basically a rover with a lot of attachments. No doors for easy access, two parallel bars to support the foldout radiation resistant roof, located in a control activated box located on the hood. The Gazelle is made of heat resistant steel, and a second layer under it is made of insulated padding. The exterior has four rough terrain wheels made of high impact rubber. Two solar powered headlights and a sample collector composed of a drill, sample holding compartments, and an automated mechanical hand. 

The defense system has six metal barrels, and a proton generator taking solar power and turning it into dangerous energy rays. The defense systems will be used for many reasons. We figured out that the moon, when inhabited, will have problems with crime. So we thought it would be wise to have a defense system so things will stay intact. The communication system has a wide range antenna. 

The interior of the Gazelle has two passenger seats, which are comfortable, but durable. Riving controls which consists of a steering wheel, gas and brake pedals, and a stick shift for the gears. Controls for the sample collector, radiation resistant roof, headlights, and communication systems are found here. 

The Gazelle Mark I will not only be used for research, but also to help with the moon's safety.

Cameron ˆ Human Factors - Recreation

Low gravity keyboarding is on the moon. The skateboard ram is made out of malleable titanium. The rail on the right side of the ramp is bolted on and made out of the same thing as the ram. The ramp is 22ft by 8ft. The board to the skateboard is also made out of malleable titanium. The wheels are made out of the same thing as everything else and so are the trucks. The size of the rail is 8ft by 8 inches. The bungee cord is thirty feet and is like one on Earth. You hook the bungee cord to your shorts or pants and the other end to the bolted rail so you won‚t fly up into space. If you do fly into space you can just pull yourself back with the bungee cord. That is the incredible lunar sport called, „Low Gravity Skateboarding.‰

student design of recreation area

Shandera ˆ Life Support & Human Factors

In my life support system, the habitat is a dome with a circumference of 200 ft to fit fifty people. The dome is made up of four layers of thick plastic glass to help protect against anything that would put us in danger (asteroids, meteoroids). The using of the moon rocks for oxygen is not efficient. So if that does not pull together, we will have oxygen to take place of the moon rocks. But if the dome does break (which 8 times out of 10 it won't), there would be a back up home. There will be a special tent on the dome to protect against lower radiation. There would be a battery pack in one part of the house saving up energy and ready to use solar power would be our most used energy. That would be like a generator.

student drawing of dome with solar panels

There is also a greenhouse that is connected to the dome by a hallway and is the shape of a rectangular prism make out of the same kind of material as the dome for protection. The size is 30 ft in height by 20 ft in length by 25 feet in width and is designed for at least 15 to 20 people and plants to fit into.

The lights are solar powered, but we only use them when it is dark outside. We use natural light in the daytime.

student drawing of solar panelsThe heating and cooling unit is solar powered also. It also has a thermometer on the side to see what the temperature of the dome is at all times.

The communication is something like a cell phone, but you can call to Earth, if you have a good connection for the day. It is sort of like a walkie talkie and uses a solar powered battery. It has ten buttons on it with the number and symbols of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0. Everyone has their own number you can call from your phone.

Miranda ˆ Life Support

If we lived on the moon, we would need to provide a way to eat, so I have written down my ideas. First, we would put the animals through a series of tests to make sure that they are mentally and physically able to go to the moon. Then, we will pass and deny animals by their test results. Next, we will pick out two of each animal that passes our series of tests and ship them to the moon before us with a couple of people to take care of them on the moon. Before the animals leave, the greenhouses will already be made so they would be ready for the animals. After all that, we would ship ourselves up there.

The greenhouses would be made out of really thick glass to protect the animals form the harsh weather on the moon, the dust, and any fling objects that might fly by. The tubes would be linked to Earth and would be made out of copper or steel. Because they are linked to Earth, they would provide oxygen and eater to our animals.

student drawing of meat production

Finally, we would feed the animals like usual and get them fat to put them through the same process on Earth, so we will have a way to provide our people with meat. the plants and animals will be in different domes so there would be no contamination like them eating the plants of using the bathroom on them.

The waste would be cleaned up everyday and put down a hole and burned up. That‚s how we would get rid of the waste. People would have a job to do the waste cleaning up.

Caleb ˆ Human Factors

Recreation

Lunar Ball is played by passing person to person, but cannot be advanced by running with it. Only people allowed to move are those without the ball. A score is made when the ball is thrown into a goal.

Weightless Races are held in the no gravity room. Competitors will race in no gravity using swimming or running motions.

drawing of communications screen

Personal Communications

To communicate, you would put on an ear piece, which would be used as a phone. To dial numbers, you would wear a Velcro bracelet and attach a Velcro pad. While wearing a spacesuit, there would be Velcro on it. The numbers would be bigger.

darwing of communications bracelet

Quiet Area

The quiet area would be located at the rear of the spacecraft and used for working or relaxation. There are six desks for work or reading. There are also couches, tables, and bookshelves.

design of quiet area

 FirstGov  NASA

NASA Official: Mark León
Last Updated: May 2005
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